This month designer, sewing instructor, and fashion writer Jamie Lau visits the blog to share her journey start to finish from creating her own textile design to sewing up one of her beautiful dresses. Last week, she shared her fabric design and color palette inspiration, and today, she walks us through her first textile design process from photo to printed fabric.
Last week on the blog, I shared some of my textile design inspirations and you may recall my interest in exploring textured gradients found in nature, and also that I had my eye on a certain blue-green color palette. For my design, I was inspired by the painterly landscape surrounding the Arashiyama and Sagano area of Kyoto and a piece of Japanese stoneware reminiscent of rippling water that I spotted at an art museum in New York. The commonality that I saw - and what struck me most about the two - was the layered and striated effect created by the rough lines of the wooded mountains and the tinted clay bands on the vase.
1. To get started, I created a new Photoshop document and set it to my desired dimensions. Since I was going for an engineered panel piece envisioned for a structured shift dress design, I set my height and width to 5400 pixels x 5400 pixels at 150 dpi:
36 inches (Estimated length of dress) x 150 pixels = 5400 pixels 36 inches (estimated width needed for dress before a repeat can kick in) x 150 pixels = 5400 pixels
See Spoonflower’s Sizing Your Image help article for more information on how to determine how big your image should be.
2. Jumping ahead for a second, I am going to build my textile design around a photo that I took of the vase, using the Polygonal Lasso Tool to select a part of the vase to give me the texture and base colors for my print. I will later click and drag this selection into my new 5400 pixels x 5400 pixels Photoshop document.
Before I do that, I am going to change the foreground color to a light blue that matches the vase and create a slight gradient at the top of my document. With the Color Picker window open, I entered in my desired HEX code (#B5D1D0).
See Spoonflower’s Design Tools for more information on design resources including their Color Map, Color Guide, and Swatch Booklet.
Next, using the Gradient Tool, I am going to fill my document with my selected foreground color, with a subtle gradient occurring at the top of my design. To help with my placement, I click and drag a vertical guide to run through the middle of the document and a horizontal guide to indicate where I will release the Gradient Tool. (Tip: Make sure “Snap To → Guides” is checked off in the View menu.) Next, create a new layer ("Layer → "New").
3. I am now ready to click and drag the vase selection from my inspiration image window onto this new layer. Since I am going for a painterly, natural effect - almost as if this was a dyed material - I am going to use the Free Transform ("Edit" → "Free Transform") command to enlarge the image, holding down the Shift key as I drag on the handles so I don’t distort the shape of my image. I release once I am able to cover up the rectangular area that falls to the left of the vertical guide, but below where the gradient begins (it may be helpful to drag a vertical guide here again to mark off the point).
I crossed over the guides slightly since I am working with an awkward polygonal shape, but I will use the Eraser Tool to clean up this area next. I’m not going to worry about the excess to the right of the vertical guide because it will be covered up in the next few steps. Using the Rectangular Marquee Tool, I am going to select and isolate the area above the horizontal guide that needs to be cleaned up. Take care to make sure you still have that top layer selected. I will then use the Eraser Tool and a large brush size with 100% hardness to start erasing. Notice that the erasures are filling this area with my foreground color, so the gradient is visible and clear again.
4. I am now ready to create a mirror image of the vase texture. Using the Rectangular Marquee Tool again, I am going to select the rectangle formed below the horizontal guide and to the left of the vertical guide and select New → Layer via Copy in the Layer menu. This creates a copy of the selection and places it onto a new layer (Layer 2) directly above the previous layer (Layer 1).
On the screen, it will look like nothing has happened, but the Layers palette will show a new layer.
Next, I am going to use the Free Transform command to flip the image created on Layer 2 over to the right side of the document. Drag the target symbol in the center of Free Transform box onto any point along the vertical guide to indicate the “flip” point for the mirror image. With this selection still active, select Transform → Flip Horizontal in the Edit menu. Create a duplicate copy of the background layer. Then, merge Layers 1 and 2 by selecting both layers in the layers menu, right clicking, and selecting "merge layers" from the menu that appears.
5. Next, I am going to adjust the contrast. There are several ways to do this. One option would be to go to the Image menu and select Auto Contrast.
Another option in the Image menu is to select Adjustments → Brightness/Contrast to manually adjust the settings.
Next, I am going to add texture to the top gradient rectangle. With the Rectangular Marquee Tool, I am going to select a rectangular chunk of the vase texture in the section that is most solid without any rippling lines running through it. To ensure a precise grab, I will use horizontal guides to mark off and measure out the height needed for the gradient area.
In the Edit menu, I will select Copy Merged and then Paste. You can either nudge the new copy up, or click and drag it to fill the area. Layer 3 has now been created.
6. Next, with Layer 3 still selected, I am going to select Dissolve under the Layers Panel and drop my opacity to 13%. Now it may make more sense as to why I changed the foreground color earlier on as opposed to leaving it white. This way, the speckled dissolving effect blends in nicely with the rest of the design and has a more harmonious flow.
7. I am now going to merge the Background copy, Layer 2, and Layer 3 all into one layer by going to the Layer menu and selecting Merge Layers. I am going to add one more effect from the Filter menu and select Artistic → Rough Pastels, which also offers options to change the Stroke Length and Stroke Detail.
8. Lastly, I am going to save my file as a .PSD format and then again as a JPG, the latter which I will upload onto Spoonflower. Once I am logged into Spoonflower, I select Create → Custom Fabric and upload my file. Once the file loads, I now have the option to preview my printed design at different lengths, widths, and at different repeats. I am not going to change my design size to go any smaller since I intended this to be an engineered panel print. For the repeat option, I will choose Mirror. Since I am not working with a repeated pattern, I decide to have fat quarters of my design printed instead of 8” x 8” test swatches for my samples.
It was really exciting to receive my fabric samples in the mail! I was mainly interested in printing my design on the 54” wide linen-cotton canvas or the 56” wide organic cotton sateen and ordered fat quarters of both options to see which version I liked best (and also to see if I needed to make any adjustments before going to final print). Once I saw the swatches, I knew my gut instincts were right. The texture of the linen-cotton canvas was definitely more conducive to the painterly, natural feel I was going for. You’ll also notice in the main photo at the top of the article that this fabric seemed to take the inks and details better. The organic cotton sateen wasn’t bad either, but my print appeared to read much darker on it. (Note: After seeing the swatches, I did decide to make a slight design change. In Step 3, I held down the Shift key when I was enlarging the image so I wouldn’t distort the shape. I realized that I wanted the curved, textured lines from the vase to stretch across a little bit more and have less of a sloped and “bumpy” nature. Thus, in my second version I would occasionally release the Shift key as I was reworking my design in the editing phase to allow for more manipulation.)
Since this fabric is pretty structured, it would also work well as a shift with a bit of an A-line silhouette. Stay tuned for my next two posts as I move away from the computer and hop onto the sewing machine to sew a dress from start to finish, sharing sewing tips and techniques along the way!
About Our Guest Author
Jamie Lau is a designer, sewing instructor, and fashion writer based in Brooklyn, New York. She received a sewing machine for her twenty-fifth birthday and hasn’t put it down since. For her line Jamie Lau Designs, Jamie transforms simple silhouettes into fashion-forward frocks sewn from Japanese prints, luxurious brocades, ikats, and her soon-to-be own original textile designs. In addition to doing custom work (including bridal), she teaches sewing, draping, and patternmaking courses at Textile Arts Center and across the country. Follow her blog, Facebook, Instagram, and Pinterest pages for the latest updates and inspirations.